Scientists learn more about how gene linked to autism affects brain

New preclinical research shows a gene already linked to a subset of people with autism spectrum disorder is critical to healthy neuronal connections in the developing brain, and its loss can harm those connections to help fuel the complex developmental condition. Scientists report their data clarify the biological role of the gene CHD8 and its protein CHD8 in developing oligodendrocytes, cells that form a protective insulation around nerves.
Source: Science Daily

Volcano music could help scientists monitor eruptions

A volcano in Ecuador with a deep cylindrical crater might be the largest musical instrument on Earth, producing unique sounds scientists could use to monitor its activity. New infrasound recordings of Cotopaxi volcano in central Ecuador show that after a sequence of eruptions in 2015, the volcano’s crater changed shape. The deep narrow crater forced air to reverberate against the crater walls when the volcano rumbled.
Source: Science Daily

NASA's Opportunity rover on Mars silenced by intense dust storm. Scientists are 'very concerned'

One of NASA’s robot rovers on Mars has been silenced as a massive dust storm roars across the Martian surface. With its power source — the sun — obscured, the rover Opportunity, “has gone to sleep,” said John Callas, project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

     

 

 


Source: USA Today

The lives of female scientists in India are being chronicled online

The lives of female scientists in India are being chronicled online

The lives of female scientists in India are being chronicled online, Published online: 13 June 2018; doi:10.1038/d41586-018-05382-9

More than 100 researchers describe their work and the struggles they face, including gender bias and achieving a positive work–life balance.
Source: Nature

Scientists discover ancient interstellar dust that formed the Earth and the solar system

Scientists have discovered some of the original interstellar dust that formed the Earth and the Solar System billions of years ago. The discovery is the “surviving pre-solar interstellar dust that formed the very building blocks of planets and stars,” said study lead author Hope Ishii.

     

 

 


Source: USA Today

Scientists ID source of damaging inflammation after heart attack

Scientists have zeroed in on a culprit that spurs damaging inflammation in the heart following a heart attack. The guilty party is a type of immune cell that tries to heal the injured heart but instead triggers inflammation that leads to even more damage. The researchers also have found that an already approved drug effectively tamps down such inflammation in mice, protecting the heart from the progressive damage that often occurs after a heart attack.
Source: Science Daily

Scientists say cost of sucking carbon from thin air could tumble

Scientists say cost of sucking carbon from thin air could tumbleBy Alister Doyle OSLO (Reuters) – High costs of extracting greenhouse gases from thin air could tumble with new technologies that can help to combat climate change, scientists said on Thursday. Carbon Engineering, a Canadian-based clean energy company, outlined the design of a large industrial plant that it said could capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at a cost of between $94 and $232 a tonne. “I hope to show that this as a viable energy industrial technology, not something that is a magic bullet … but something that is completely doable,” he told Reuters of the peer-reviewed study published in the journal Joule.


Source: Yahoo! News

Scientists use 4D scanning to predict behavior of volcanoes

Scientists are using the latest in 4D technology to predict the behavior of lava flows and its implications for volcanic eruptions. The results explain why some lava flows can cover kilometers in just a few hours, whilst others travel more slowly during an eruption, highlighting the hazard posed by fast-moving flows which often pose the most danger to civilian populations close to volcanoes.
Source: Science Daily